The Supreme Court Decision At Brown V. Board Of Education Of Topeka

1062 Words May 5th, 2016 5 Pages
The U.S. Supreme Court decision reached in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) unleashed a process of public school desegregation that attempted to end the “separate but equal” doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). However, large-scale desegregation did not occur before the mid-1960s, and some resistant school systems did not start implementing credible desegregation plans until the early-1970s. In North Carolina, Robeson County School System and Greensboro City School System received certification for their school plans by the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) in 1970 and 1971, respectively. Not only do these two school systems offer unique trends because of their late HEW approvals, but they also embody the wide-ranging diversity of localities throughout the United States at that time (in 1970, Greensboro was 71 percent white and 29 percent black, while Robeson County was 43 percent white, 31 percent Native American, and 26 percent black). After the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, North Carolina and the South, in general, witnessed dramatic and comprehensive racial desegregation. Already by 1970, Southern schools were the most desegregated schools in the country. These trends continued into the 1980s; however, new statistics released at the end of the 1980s showed the reduced effects of desegregation. In fact, the percentage of Southern, black students going to minority-majority schools increased to levels not seen…

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