Essay about The Separation Of Powers With Checks And Balances

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Federalist paper number 51 was written by James Madison in 1788. The main purpose of this essay was to explain to the people of New York how the separation of powers with checks and balances would protect their liberty. There are three main political powers, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. In order for the people to preserve their liberty, it was necessary that no person or group could carry out all three. However, if it were to occur, it would be a threat to one’s liberty. The best way of ensuring independence was by having independent branches, to keep each other in their proper places. Madison says, “but the great security against a gradual concentration of the several powers in the same department, consists in giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others” (Federalist #51). When he says this, he wants the different branches so that one doesn’t over power the other or intrude on each others rights. Also to ensure that the members of each branch have minimum selection of the members of the other branches. In the selection process, in the congress for example, the members of the House are chosen by the people. In the first Constitution, the state legislatures selected them. Madison also made sure that salaries were discussed as well. Each branch cannot be setting each others salaries. The next would be to put ambition versus ambition. The best way to protect a specific…

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