The Separation Of Power In The United States

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Federalism is defined by a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and political units. In America, the states existed first, and they struggled to create a national government. In a federalist government, the power is divided between governmental units (state) and national government. In the United States, this means the power is divided between our state and local government and our federal government. This is different from a unitary government, which is where one unit holds the power to everything that happens in the United States. It's also different from a confederation, which is defined as an association of independent governmental units in a country. Originally, confederation was founded in America …show more content…
Constitution is hardwired with the tensions of that struggle, and Americans still even debate the proper role of the national government versus the states. With the onset of our new federalistic government, there came a separation of powers in the United States: Executive, Judicial, and Legislative branch. The Executive branch of government is charged with the execution and enforcement of laws and policies and the administration of public affairs. The Judicial branch of government is charged with the interpretation of laws and the administration of justice. Finally, the Legislative branch of government has the power to make laws. History has quite often shown that unlimited power in the hands of one person or group in most cases means that others are going to be suppressed or their powers curbed. The separation of powers in a democracy is to prevent abuse of power and to safeguard freedom for all. Checks and balances (rights of mutual control and influence) make sure that the three powers interact in an equitable and balanced way. The separation of powers is an essential element of the Rule of Law, and is enshrined in the …show more content…
There are many types of lobbyist: labor organizations, trade organizations, and Unions are the most common and lobby for laws that affect organizations. There are professional lobbyist that will lobby for an effort for a fee, as well. For example, the National Rifle Association goes to great lengths (and spends quite a substantial amount of money) to defend the right to bear arms. It is opposed to nearly every proposition of gun regulation, including restrictions on owning assault weapons, background checks on purchasers at gun shows, as well as the retention of databases of gun purchases. The way they are so effective with their interests is because of the revolving door effect. The revolving door effect is defined by the movement of high-level employees from public sector jobs to private sector jobs and vice versa. The theory is that there is a “revolving door” between the two sectors as many legislators and regulators become consultants for the industries they once controlled or regulated and some private industry heads receive government appointments that relate to their former private

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