The Self Determination Theory : Abraham Maslow And Carl Rogers

898 Words Nov 5th, 2015 4 Pages
In the beginning of the formulation of the self-determination theory, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers began to realize that people tend to naturally develop on their own. This inherent development and growth often leads them fulfill their full potential, being all that they can be. The self-determination theory has adopted the notion that individuals are also innately motivated to take initiative and aim for unity in an attempt to work toward their full functioning. In addition, the theory also suggests that satisfying the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness are essential to achieve self-actualization or “full functioning”. Once these basic needs are met, the individual will become more autonomously motivated which will then result in an overall greater performance and well-being (Deci, Ryan, & Guay, 2013). There are three types of autonomously motivated functioning involved in the full functioning process. Intrinsic motivation is an innate characteristic that involves participating in an activity strictly for personal desire or pleasure. This type of motivation helps to fulfill our basic psychological needs, but can diminish with the presentation of punishment and rewards. Contrary to intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation involves engaging in a particular activity to achieve a promised reward or to avoid a punishment. The third type involves motivation through emotions. The extent to which a child’s basic psychological needs are…

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