Reconstruction After Civil War

Improved Essays
Before the Civil War had finalized, politicians of Northern were making reconstruction plans for the Confederate States. Reconstruction the process by that separated states were to re-join back into the unions were a tough process for the United States for couple reasons. First of all, civil rights had to be assured for the freed slaves, against Southern parts; and secondly, the Union needed to become reunited as soon as possible, also with as little punishment to the Southern as possible. Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson have made great and quick progress to reunite the Union as rapidly as possible, but unnoticed black rights in the process. Radical Republicans in Congress has took over the Reconstruction the Blacks had more civil rights …show more content…
Nevertheless, after the Republicans took control of the Reconstruction, harsher punishments was come face to face on the Southern states to make them agree with new legislations protecting blacks. In many Southern states, governments were established till the states agreed the terms of re-join into the Union. Included acceptance of the 14th and 15th Amendments, undertaking the right of citizenship and vote to black American males. Moreover, the Radical Republicans have begun the first United States prosperity agency, the Freedman’s Bureau, clothing, education for freed slaves and proving food. In spite of their good intentions, however, Bureau failed to set up the freed slaves as landholders. Many southerners at the time agreed the Radical Republican predominated Congress was overly rigid to former Confederate states, these were not the case; passing harsh legislations and impressive government was the only way to warranty the Blacks rights midst the inexhaustible discrimination of the South. The Congress have had the best attention in mind for the security of the previous slaves and for the prospective future of the country.
Even if Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, and Congress had different and diverse approaches to reconstructing the South, it is obvious evident which the main target of the Reconstruction process was to protect the civil rights of freedmen and to strengthen the political view and gains of the freshly establish the nation. The Reconstruction faced more opposition, discrimination and criticism during the 1860s – 1870s; however, they were able to make noble bestrides in the defense of numerous Black

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    Presidential Reconstruction began immediately after the Civil War. Johnson’s leniency towards Southerners had resulted in Black Codes and Northerners wanted to fight against this. In early 1866 Johnson attempted to Veto a Civil Rights Bill passed by Congress. In the 1866 congressional elections, Northern voters repudiated his policies and Republicans took hold of Reconstruction. This period became known as Radical Reconstruction.…

    • 1180 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Lincoln tried to implement multiple antislavery policies to satisfy these states. He was able to rebuke the Fugitive Slave Act, which made slaves as an illegal import. The slaves from the south were given their freedom. Although, this was a good thing Douglass wasn’t satisfied he wanted national emancipation. The republican tried to solve problems without violence at first before such measures.…

    • 703 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was a bill proposed which guaranteed black’s rights before the law and would help extend the life of the Freedmen’s Bureau (Foner and Mahoney OL). Johnson was against this, he did not want Negroes having more rights and opportunities. He vetoed the bill and many moderate Republicans started to turn against him for his extreme racism. After they joined the Radicals in this fight, the bill was overturned, the first time in history this happened to a major piece of legislation (Reconstruction OL). Once passed, this Act got the the 14th Amendment proceeded.…

    • 2042 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Johnson was a steady supporter of slaves, and he owned slaves until 1862. He was a supporter of slavery, but he was not a supporter for the “upper class of the South”. Johnson had very little support with his plan of reconstruction. The southern states recognized that slavery was abolished, but they wanted to do everything in their power to make it seem like the war never happened. White owners began to think of a way they could stand up for themselves and form their own reconstruction…

    • 1225 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Republican Party Formation

    • 1039 Words
    • 5 Pages

    “Lincoln’s election outraged many southerners” (Smith). They reject the idea of sucumming to a president that was in accordance with republican ideology. Their ideology happening to be the abolishment of slavery. They lost the power to accumulate the number of slave states because the North preferred an equal amount of slave states to Free states. The south also thought that this was going to influence Lincoln’s decisions over the issue, which many were right to believe for his “growing opposition led him to introduce a law that gradually ended slavery” (Smith).…

    • 1039 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    With a lot of pressure on his shoulders from the Radical Republicans, Lincoln had to figure out what to do to end the war. The Emancipation Proclamation would prove how President Lincoln gained authority, gained an important ally, and changed the course of black people 's lives while giving the…

    • 1183 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Less than 10 years after the Civil Rights Act, in 1883, Congress revoked it calling it “unconstitutional”. Enraged at the decision, the Black Community felt this as a way for the white people to legally be able to divide the social classes by color once again. An entire war had just been fought, yet the country still wanted to return to its baser state. Of course the decision delighted the Southerners but ironically, the North was the ones that stood behind the revocation of the Act. Even though slavery had met the dissent of the Northerners during the war, legal segregation now seemed permissible to them.…

    • 1305 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The fourteenth amendment was passed/won as a precautionary measure because republicans were scared that the south would one day control congress and nullify this amendment. Congress made a right decision doing this because sure enough the south had rejected this amendment and would not accept it. Johnson even encouraged these states to not accept the law. Bailey states, “And I don’t want no pardon for what I was or am, I won’t be reconstructed and I don’t give a damn” (Bailey, 523). This quote can be used as evidence to show the South’s “competing intentions” with congress because congress wanted to make advances in racial equality, while the southerners did not and that is expressed in this song.…

    • 1098 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Going from a world of captivity to having your freedom would bring new hope, but the uncertainty was there. A lot of the whites depended on the African Americans and there was no way that they were going free them easily. The slaves would have had an uncertainty of whether or not they would receive their freedom as well as all the rights of a normal citizen. They had the right to feel uncertain. President Andrew Johnson let the confederate states join the union without any cost, causing the states to go back to a Pre Civil war like government .…

    • 908 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Therefore, he proposed a plan that allowed the states to reenter the Union as long as 10% of the people who had voted in the 1860 election swore an oath of allegiance to the US. After Lincoln died, President Andrew Johnson implemented a very similar plan. However, the Radical Republicans were not satisfied. They were particularly angry because the South instituted the “black codes” that treated the freed slaves harshly. The Radical Republicans felt that the South had not learned…

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays