The Second Sino Japanese War Essay

2170 Words 9 Pages
The Second Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945, is widely considered to begin with the Marco Polo Bridge incident of July 1937 and end with the Japanese surrender in September 1945. I would argue that to understand the motives as to why Japan invaded China, it is essential to grasp their previous history of conflicts and tensions, beginning with the Japanese claim of Taiwan from China’s Qing Dynasty after the First Sino-Japanese war in 1895, right through to the invasion of Manchuria in 1931. This conflict between the two marked a culmination of near a half century of growing Japanese imperialist policies, aimed at the creation of a new order in East Asia through dominating Chinese politics and militaristically in order to exploit their natural resources. The Japanese looked upon the modern West with their colonial and imperial influence, concluding that they were too superior and wanted that power of their own in their domestic region, spreading the ideology of Pan-Asianism.

The Meiji Restoration in 1868 marked the origins of Japanese imperialism, when the feudal rule had been modernized through a centralized government with the aim to create an economically and militaristically strong nation-state to meet the threat of the expanding west. The annexation and absorption of Taiwan into the Japanese Empire in 1895 under the Treaty of Shimonoseki, I would argue, were the first steps in implementing the Japanese “Southern Expansion Doctrine”. As the Japanese’s first external colony…

Related Documents