Second Sino-Japanese War

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    Second Sino-Japanese War

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    The Second Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945, is widely considered to begin with the Marco Polo Bridge incident of July 1937 and end with the Japanese surrender in September 1945. I would argue that to understand the motives as to why Japan invaded China, it is essential to grasp their previous history of conflicts and tensions, beginning with the Japanese claim of Taiwan from China’s Qing Dynasty after the First Sino-Japanese war in 1895, right through to the invasion of Manchuria in 1931. This conflict between the two marked a culmination of near a half century of growing Japanese imperialist policies, aimed at the creation of a new order in East Asia through dominating Chinese politics and militaristically in order to exploit their natural resources.…

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    In December 1937, the Japanese Imperial Army attacked during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In a span of about six weeks, the Japanese force engages in systematic killing, looting and raping of Chinese civilians and prisoners of war. However, it is impossible to attribute the genocide to any single cause. It is acknowledged in this paper that a common dilemma faced while studying genocide is to justify its occurrence. Scholars have, for decades, made attempts to justify what causes and motivates…

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    Japanese Atrocities

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    The Second Sino Japanese War - Japanese Atrocities Against the Chinese The Second Sino Japanese War was one of great importance for the world as a whole. It is said to have been fought from 1937 till 1945 but many argue that this strife was much longer than those dates would imply. Not only did this war largely impact relations between Japan and China, but it made public many of the atrocities that the Japanese committed against the Chinese. While these atrocities had been ongoing for decades,…

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    millions of people during the second Sino-Japanese war. The 1938 Yellow River Flood, also known as “Huayuankou (Flower Garden mouth) embankment breach event” was one of the most severe ecological disaster and the largest act of environmental warfare in history. Though the flood was claimed to be a strategic decision in order to halt Japanese marching to Wuhan under a mood close to panic at that time , people kept questioning the necessity of such massive casualties and the actual value comparing…

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    The First United Front specifically, was from 1923 to 1927, when the parties came together to keep relative peace. It was successful until 1927 when the Nationalists turned on the Communists (“United Front”, World History in Context). The Shanghai Massacre sparked the very beginning of the Chinese Civil War along with the collapse of the First United Front. Occurring in April 1927, The Shanghai Massacre is often regarded as the start of the Chinese Civil War. Communists were either killed,…

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    Manhua Journey to the West, a graphic novel by Zhang Guangyu in 1945, is a nod to the Chinese classic Journey to the Wets by Wu Cheng'en written in the year 1592. It is written around the reign of the KMT and during the second Sino-Japanese War. From which Zhang uses the style in which Journey to the West was written to "implicate" poke fun of the government and their policies. How does Zhang Guang use the classic Journey to the west to explain the events around 1945 circa China? Why does he…

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    as a country and how we can prevent repetition of horrific historical events. Japan and China are known for finding cleaver ways to hide, disguise, and/or protect specific historical events from becoming common knowledge within the respective country because the lack of pride that may stem from any one event. Japanese history in…

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    Opium War. The British government was exporting Opium to China. Chinese citizens were getting addicted to opium and eventually the Chinese government stopped opium import from Great Britain. This hurt the British economy and resulted in a war between the two countries. At the end of the Opium War China was forced to give up land and be colonized by western civilizations. The Opium War and influence of Western powers led to The self-strengthening movement. China adopted Western military…

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    and in some cases became the subjects of attacks. In 1937, the residents of Nanjing were terrorized by Japanese soldiers. One study of this Nanjing Massacre emphasized the vast differences in accounts, mentioning that “the predominantly Chinese side of the scale... estimates that total deaths ranged from a ‘conservative’ 260,000 to 350,000, and asserts that between 20,000 and 80,000 women were raped” (Sedgwick). However, “the other end of the spectrum is occupied by Japanese 'revisionists '…

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    understanding Chinese Communist Party (CCP) thought, especially during the Chinese Civil War and the war of liberation from the Japanese. These events were key to the CCP’s eventual victory over the nationalists. They were key not only in terms of military victories, but in persuading the Chinese people that the CCP cared for them far more than the “authoritarian” nationalist. And that a nationalist China would lead to the return of imperialism and misery for a majority of peasants. They were…

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