Roles Of Women In Roman Empires

Good Essays
During both the Roman and Persian Empires, women played an important and pivotal role in their societies. These women held both public and political positions in their empires, and possessed the authority that women in previous times had never had before. Both the Roman and Persian women who obtained this power did so in different ways, and these women also both conducted themselves differently once obtaining this uncommon privilege. Livia and Esther were both some of the first patricians in their respective ancient societies. They served under both emperors and a king, and through both their sexuality and intellect, they rose to a prominent and powerful position.
Livia was known mostly for her relationship with Augustus Caesar, born Julius
…show more content…
Livia and Octavian were married for over fifty years until he died in fourteen CE. Dio stated that Livia “occupied a very exalted station, far above all women of former days” (66). She, unlike other women of the time, could hear people ranging from regular citizens to senators at her home. Based on recent historical documents, Dio’s research found that she thought of herself as the superior to Augustus, shown by the assumption of credit for Tiberius eventually becoming emperor. She refused to enter into the Senate, camps, or public assemblies because she would have rathered to manage the empire. She was a revered figure in Rome, and many people thought of her on the same level. Dio wrote of these propositions made by the people about her, “expressing the opinion that she should be called Mother of her Country, and many that she be called Parent” (66). Augustus had a hard time dealing with this power struggle. He would cease to limit her power, besides things that obviously could not be done, and he would not allow her conduct to get out of hand. According to an account, she claimed her “commanding influence” was a result of “being scrupulously chaste …show more content…
A Jewish orphan named Esther, to whom a biblical book is named after, vied for the position of Xerxes wife. The position was opened after Queen Vashti was banished after she disavowed his request to show herself nude in front of him and his guests (71). Esther saw an opportunity and after a year of beauty preparation, she presented herself to him, and he made her his new queen. The power of women in the Persian Empire is shown when one of Xerxes’ principal advisors suggests the eradication and execution of all the Jewish people in the empire (71). Mordecai, Queen Esther’s cousin who raised her, suggested to Queen Esther that she approach King Xerxes and plead to him not to allow this to happen. Xerxes granted the audience for her to do so, and he granted her

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Othello Women's Roles

    • 1387 Words
    • 6 Pages

    She will not let Othello sleep until she convinces him. This shows that Desdemona is a controlling woman towards her husband. Women were supposed to be quiet and not allowed to express their own opinions, but in this case, Desdemona controls her husband and voices her opinion to Othello. Another character in this play who actually is portrayed as a “typical Renaissance women” is Emilia. She mostly obeys to everything, but there comes a point where she doesn’t listen to her husband, Iago, anymore.…

    • 1387 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    For more than a half-century, Livia Drusilla was recognized as the most noticeable and powerful woman in ancient Rome. Her noticeable quality and power were not because of her riches or patrician family, in spite of the fact that she had both, rather it was the way that she had the favorable luck to marry the man who turned into Rome 's first emperor, Augustus, and bring forth its second, Tiberius. While coincidence placed Livia in recognitions way, she was brilliant and sufficiently skillful to exploit her circumstance and obtained a genuine impact during an era when women couldn 't vote, hold open office, or show up out in the open without a guardian. While Augustus directed the lives of women around Livia by proclaiming strict good and marriage…

    • 835 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Even if the woman of the household had thought of the idea or had a great influence in it , the husband would take all the credit for it as women were not thought of as worthy of having a say in those matters, so it was always left to the men in the early empire. Women of the Imperial family were very much the same as every other women in the early empire. They could have a very big influence on political and all matters in the household but as soon as it was out of the house they had no say. But of course the matters were a lot more serious being the Emperors family. Matters such as the army for example how many legions there are fighting in the ever so famous Roman Army and other important matter such as these.…

    • 1951 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Much of their participation was through their husbands, as woman could not actively particpate in politics within Rome. Some promient woman who influenced politics was Livia, the wife of Augustus; Agrippina, the mother of Nero; and Plotina, the wife of Trajan; were all influencers. Upper-class woman in ancient-Rome Republic were close to independent. Woman did not need tutors to watch them like other woman.They had acquired the right to own, inherit, and dispose of property. Upper-class women could attend races, the theater, and events in the amphitheater, although in the latter two places they were forced to sit in separate female sections.…

    • 750 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This single event of her mother’s death had changed Jahanara’s life forever. At seventeen, she was forced to bear the weight of her father’s sorrow, becomes the chief lady of his harem, assumes the responsibilities of an Empress without being one, is granted immense wealth and her mother’s income, engages in a rivalry with her sister Roshanara to put opposing brothers on the throne and does not succeed. Jahanara fell in love with a noble at court, Najabat Khan, but it was a love that remained largely unfulfilled because her father does not allow any of his daughters to marry. In the end, all these events overshadow Princess Jahanara’s life and none more than the magnificent tomb her father builds for her mother, the Taj…

    • 1528 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Women In Classical Rome

    • 1250 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Women who owned businesses and participated in business transactions served as an inspiration to many other females in Rome. They showed young girls and older woman that even though they couldn’t directly participate in politics they could still have an influence on the society of ancient Rome. Women were extremely important to the Roman Empire. They had an immense impact on Roman society even though they were not regarded as equal to men. Woman helped to shape and change politics and changed religion by becoming priestesses themselves.…

    • 1250 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This shaped the importance in Great Britain in very many ways. These places are both some of the most significant landmarks in the world, and some people just go there to see these sights. Elizabeth the II and Margareth Thatcher were just two women who made Great Britain who it is today. Both of these women played a huge political role for the United Kingdom which…

    • 1025 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Women pharaohs were strong ruling figures in their own right displaying examples of feminine leadership. Kings mothers and wives also played an important role in relation to the king. They were referred to by the venerated title of mwt nswt, meaning kings’ mother, a title from the early dynastic period or also, ‘she who sees Horus and Seth’. Historian, Susan Hollis presupposes that woman were bearers of divine queenship which only complemented the aspect of kingship. This reveals a differing aspect to the equality of women and the prevailing view in early Egyptian scholarship of the presence of the Egyptian patriarchy.…

    • 1882 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In forming the hierarchy, I ranked characters in terms of mental power, emotional power, and physical power respectively. Characters with great strengths in multiple fields were arranged at the top while those with little power were left at the bottom. Fortuna, the goddess of luck and fortune, tops the hierarchy due to her vast effect on others. As a goddess, Fortuna is extremely powerful and influential over lives of others. She even gifts Theseus, a very successful conqueror, power, causing her to be the strongest of all.…

    • 1586 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Women had a better chance of playing a greater role in society if they came from a family in the upper class or were married into a wealthy family(Women in the Renaissance, n.d.). A prime example of a woman who broke through this barrier was Lucrezia Borgia (Women in the Renaissance, n.d.). She was the daughter of Pope Alexander VI. Alexander VI used her to gain political power and she became famous through this concept (Women in the Renaissance, n.d.). One of the most intelligent women to come from the Italian Renaissance was Isabella d’Este.…

    • 979 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays