Social Influences Of Roman Civilization

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Roman civilization has greatly influenced today 's Western culture. Roman civilization was established as a monarch in 800BC, which became a republic shortly before becoming the distinguished empire we know it to be. Many different aspects of their culture were derived in areas such as Syria, Britain, North Africa, as well as many more. Livy demonstrates in A History of Rome that, “no state was ever greater than Rome” (Livy, The Early History of Rome, 1.Preface). Rome overall was a great example for new and upcoming civilizations to learn and grow based on the mistakes and challenges met by the dominant Roman empire. Despite there being a large social divide and the issue of gender inequality. So not only has Roman history influenced the political …show more content…
Men wore clothes known as togas in Roman culture. The togas depicted a man’s social status based on the colour and patterns on his toga. Only men who were of Roman decent and of high social standing were allowed to wear togas, the more skin that was covered the higher their social standing. Men were viewed as the masters of their private realm as well as of main importance in the public realm. In a way men could have two identities: one being their job in the public world, the next a family man. Although the main role for these men was to provide shelter, food, and comfort for their families. “Women were primarily found to be working in the domestic sphere” (Jo Ann Shelton, 288). Roman women took care of the children and the belongings their masters (husband/father) provided for the family. Women were hardly given any form of education and were unable to vote or be present in the political sector (Jo Ann Shelton, 289). The inequality between men and women where the male is the more dominant species and the female is caregiving and domestic has created a binary which has influenced Western culture to create feminism. Men were the “doers and achievers” whereas women were the “nourishers and sustainers, providing the men in their lives... with encouragement and support” (Jo Ann Shelton, 289). Feminism seeks to abolish this way of thinking so women can achieve …show more content…
“The very existence and functioning of the state depended on the religious rites that were performed” (Jo Ann Shelton, 359). The idea of the calendar was created by the Romans, and the years were chosen based on the birth of Jesus Christ. The calendar was used mostly in the church and around the holidays. The Roman empire used the term Holy Days, which is where the modern term holidays originated. Romans glorified Christianity; the Christian God was more powerful than any other God before him. Western culture adapted the Romans view of Christianity to create a harmonious environment for a long lasting reign of which the Romans had previously

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