Treachery In Dante's Inferno

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The work ‘sin’ has different meanings for different people. Most of the people believe that sin is a transgression of the law of God (The New Testament). There are people who do not feel strongly about the mere existence of such a divine power and, therefore, consider sin to be nothing more than an act that is not acceptable in a society regardless of the fact whether it goes against any religious views or not. Hence, I, to some extent, do not agree with Dante’s ranking of sins. This is mostly because I do not think that some of the sins should be ranked where they are (in the book), in today’s world.

It has can seen in many instances in Inferno that people are in the circles of Hell they are in because of a technicality. Dante and Virgil
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All the examples of treachery (Cantos XXXIV); Judas (Cantos XXXIV. 61-63), Cassius (Cantos XXXIV. 64-66) and Brutus (Cantos XXXIV. 67-69), who betrayed someone and caused their death show that murder is considered bad but it seems that straight murder isn’t as bad as killing someone after betraying. I disagree because according to me, murder is murder.

Many critics have taken Virgil’s ghost to represent human reason which pilots and guards us. The theme that is frequently seen in Inferno is the weakness of human nature. If one thinks about it, Dante’s Inferno, seems like to be an extremely vague allegory. A really extended metaphor that describes how a person can navigate through the moral challenges of life. Dante, in Inferno, seems to represent all the weaknesses of a human while Virgil seems to act as those handful of good qualities that help a person to deal with the ultimate schemer of obstacles that Life
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He feels sorry and often empathy for some souls that he finds in Hell but also has hateful and violent reactions to the souls of the people he loathed. In the First Pouch of the Ninth Circle of Hell (Canto XXXII. 109-111), we see Dante showing his angry and hateful side when he meets Bocca degli Abati, an Italian traitor. “’And now,’ I said, ‘you traitor bent on evil, I do not need your talk, for I shall carry true news of you, and that will bring you shame.’” To counter such weakness of character, we see Virgil in several Cantos, trying to explain to Dante that he should not let the punishments for the sins affect him because he needs higher ‘moral’ standards if he wants to get through Hell and Purgatory to reach Heaven. Just before entering The City of Dis, Dante (author) tries to show the limitations of human power when Virgil relies on Heaven’s messenger for gaining entrance to Dis. “I knew well he was Heaven’s messenger, […] He came up to the gate, and with a wand, he opened it, for there was no resistance.” (Canto IX. 85-90)

One could talk about Dante’s views by his ranking of sins. This is because it seems that his discussion on politics and similar affairs would be his own views while the ranking of sins would have been affected and conditioned by the social norms of classical times. When compared to present times, his ranking of sins can give us a lot of insight about his views regarding humans. Therefore, I partially agree with some

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