The Role Of Classical And Operant Conditioning Essay

1964 Words Dec 12th, 2014 null Page
There are many ways in which humans are able to learn, some which are a result of reacting to environmental stimuli which alters their behaviour, this is known as behaviourism. Behaviourism comes in two main forms, learning and conditioning. Learning is known as change in information processing and behaviour as a result of experience. The definition of conditioning is a type of learning whereby a specific stimuli elicits a specific response. Conditioning branches into two different types; Classical and Operant conditioning.
Classical conditioning involves learning behaviour through the process of association, to which there are three stages with a stimuli and response. Before conditioning the unconditioned stimulus produces an unconditioned response in a being, at this stage there is also a neutral stimulus which has no effect until it is associated with the unconditioned stimulus. During conditioning, the neutral stimulus is associated with the unconditioned stimulus which becomes known as the conditioned stimulus, to set in the conditioned stimulus to the being, the association between the two must be done multiple times at different occasions. After conditioning, the conditioned stimulus has been associated to the unconditioned stimulus to create a conditioned response.
There has been many research taken out looking into classical conditioning. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1927) key research began looking into digestive physiology and the secretion of saliva in dogs. He was…

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