The Roe V. Wade Case Essay

2173 Words Nov 26th, 2016 9 Pages
In 1973, the United States Supreme Court handed down a majority opinion in the Roe v. Wade case, legalizing abortion (Roe V. Wade, 1973). In the years following the verdict, legislation was passed to limited and/or prevent women from exercising this constitutional entitlement.
Social Problem
Prior to the Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade, women in the United States put their health in danger by seeking illegal abortions (Vecera, 2014). In America, from 1950 to late 1960, an estimated of 200,000 to over a million women sought unlawful termination procedures (Gold, 2003). Gold (2003) reports, in 1930 close to 2,700 women lost their lives due to illegal abortions. With the advancement in medical science and the discovery of anti-biotics, by 1965 the death rate fell to approximately 200 deaths (Gold, 2003).
Illegal abortions caused minorities to suffer higher rates of injury (Gold, 2003). In 1962, Harlem Hospital in New York City treated 1,600 low income women for incomplete abortions (Gold, 2003). Also, in 1968, the University of Southern California, Los Angeles County Medical Center, treated over 700 low income women with abortion infections (Gold, 2003). Similarly, the abortion death rate among minority women was disproportionate (Gold, 2003). For example, “in New York City in the early 1960s, one in four childbirth-related deaths among white women was due to abortion; in comparison, abortion accounted for one in two childbirth-related deaths among nonwhite and…

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