The Rise Of The 19th Century Essay

955 Words Oct 14th, 2016 4 Pages
At the end of the 18th century, one particular invention forever revolutionized the structure of the United States. The cotton gin, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 as a solution to the difficulties of harvesting seeded short staple cotton, gave rise to the Cotton Kingdom. The Cotton kingdom was the catalyst for the market revolution, a period of time during the 19th century that transformed the economic structure of America into an industrial empire. In time, the Cotton Kingdom became the “major independent variable in the... structure of internal and international trade” (Takaki 77). If the cotton trade failed, the interdependence between the three major regions—the middle Atlantic, the South, and the West—would fail as well. To ensure its success, the Cotton Kingdom expanded exponentially, exacerbating the rise in slavery and appropriation of Native American territory for cheap labor and land. Between 1833 and 1842, over 19.3 million acres of Native American territory were acquired and sold for the growth of the cotton industry (Takaki 77). Forced by the government, Native Americans moved west to seek refuge from the merciless destruction by “American Progress”. Supported by multiple experiences of Native American tribes, Ronald Takaki argued in A Different Mirror that the significant land appropriation, deception, and cruel treatment of the Native Americans during the market revolution were glaring contradictions to the founding principles of the U.S. The Federal…

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