The Pythagorean Theorem And The Greek Mathematician Pythagoras
The Pythagorean Theorem states that the sum of the length of the two other sides of a right angle squared will equal the square length of the hypotenuse (the longest side). In other words, a2+b2=c2, a and b being the shorter sides, and c being the long side (Khan Academy, 2010).
The Pythagorean Theorem was, in fact, one of the earliest theorems know to ancient civilizations (Morriss, 1997). An old Babylonian tablet (1900-1600 BC), predating Pythagoras by over 1000 years, called the Plimpton Tablet, lists the numbers that satisfy the so-called Pythagorean Theorem. The middle columns read:
“4 is the length and 5 the diagonal
What is the breadth?
Its size is not known.
4 times 4 is 16.
5 times 5 is 25.
You take 16 from 25 and there remains 9.
What times what shall I take in order to get 9?
3 times 3 is 9. 3 is the breadth.”( Babylonian Pythagoras, 2000).
The formula used would translate into a2+b2=c2. In addition, a Chinese astronomical and mathematical essay was found predating Pythagoras and contained a geometrical explanation of the theorem. (Jabcobsen, 2011). Another ancient source of the Pythagorean Theorem was found in ancient Indian Sulbasutras, or…