The Psychological Effects Of Loss And Grief

2882 Words 12 Pages
Register to read the introduction… It is normal for someone to go between the phases in the middle; sometimes feeling like they are going backwards, but the end result for normal grief will be the resolution of the absence of the loved one.
There are three main theories on this grief process. Colin Murray Parkes suggests that we initially experience numbness, followed by pining, leading to disorganisation and then reorganisation. Numbness, also known as denial, is when we refuse to believe that the death has occurred. Pining is when we long for the person we have lost. Disorganisation happens when we realise that the person will be returning, leading us to feel despair. Once we accept the loss and start to build a life without the deceased we move into reorganisation.
William Worden referred to the stages of grief as ‘tasks’: 1. To accept the reality of the loss. 2. To work through the pain of grief. 3. To adjust to an environment in which the deceased is
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Ambivalent relationships with unexpressed hostility can lead to an inability to grieve due to the feelings of anger and guilt that the bereaved person may feel. Death of a person with which the bereaved shared an abusive relationship can open old wounds. 2. Past complicated grief reactions predispose a person to a subsequent complicated grief reaction. 3. The personality may not be able to tolerate extreme emotional distress and may close off to their feelings, leading to an inability to deal with their grief. 4. Social factors that make it difficult to obtain support. Lazare (1979) proposed three situations in which this might happen. If the loss is ‘socially unspeakable’; an example being suicide, the loss is socially negated; such as abortion and the absence of a support network. 5. The circumstances of the loss make it difficult for grief to be worked through; no remains of the deceased, multiple losses or uncertain loss.
Complicated grief can present itself in four different ways. The chronic grief reaction is one that is excessive in duration and is stuck in a stage of the grief process, never reaching a conclusion. In therapy, the client would need to ascertain where in the process they are stuck before they can resolve and move
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Ethics committees decide which research can go ahead based upon evaluation of written proposals. These committees consist of scientific experts, responsible members of the non-academic community and university officials. The British Psychological Society has published guidelines for researching with animals and these guidelines stipulate that the gain from the research must outweigh any distress caused to the animals. However, having said this, Harlow’s research advanced our understanding of attachment in a time when parents were encouraged to treat their children with emotional detachment. Together with Bowlby, Harlow’s work provided evidence that attachment was necessary for the emotional and intellectual growth of

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