The Pros and Cons of the Neolithic Revolution Essay

935 Words Nov 25th, 2013 4 Pages
Introduction

In the 1930's, V. Gordon Childe proposed that the shift to food production was one of the two major events in human history that improved the condition of human societies. Childe described the origins of agriculture as a 哲eolithic Revolution.But the shift from hunting and gathering to food production was not as advantageous to humanity as Childe believed. Although there were benefits, there were also serious drawbacks, and humans paid a price for the advantages of agriculture.

The Neolithic, the period in history in which food production became widespread, began around 10,200 B.C, first appearing in Southwest Asia, and lasted until 4000 to 2200 B.C. The cultivation of vegetables and domestication was becoming
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Many Anthropologists believe that generally the nomadic hunter-gatherers of the mesolithic had sufficient food with much more leisure time and much less labour. (Leonard 1973: 18)

Possible Drug-like Substances in Cereals and Milk Studies have found a link between a number of mental illnesses, including Schizophrenia and consumption of cereals and milk. Human reliance on cereals and milk is a recent phenomenon that was established suddenly, and some anthropologists believe humans did not evolve to consume these things. (Wadley et al, 1993:99) Groups have found that that wheat, maize and barley, produce exorphin and bovine milk produces casomorphin; therefore milk and cereals may be chemically rewarding and essentially, addictive. Some Anthropologist believe that this may be the reason these foods became so important in human sociteties. If this is the case, the diet of hunter-gathers was probably more nurtitionaly benefecial to humans. (Wadley et al, 1993:98) Conclusion

Agriculture and animal domestication began in Southwest Asia around 8000 B.C and then sprang up in Europe and Mesoamerica some time later. Food production proved to be very advantegous, resulting in surpluses of food, safer living environments, and technological, architectural, and cultural advancements. However with all its benefits, food production opened a pandora's box of problems that multiplied with the onset of civilization. In my opinion, some

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