Vocabulary: Iron Weapons Used In Ancient Civilizations

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APWH Unit 1 Vocabulary Bryan Wilson and Josh Miller
Patriarchal-where the “mantel” was passed down through generations through the men. Due to food surplus, not everyone had to be outside working. It was a society dominated by men.
Egalitarian-everybody is equal, prominent in the Paleolithic Era and created a sense of community throughout civilizations.
Iron Weapons- weapons made by iron used for the military. This was prominent in Mesopotamia because of how war like it was and was later adopted by other civilizations.
Hunter and Gatherer-used in the Paleolithic Era where nomads would use resources from an area until it was all used up and then they
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This was enforced by the Babylonian King who took over Mesopotamia and enforced it there as well.
Domestication-where they took wild animals and plants and grew and cared for themselves. Using them for meat and milk. This began to be used a lot in the Neolithic Era. They found a way to get food without having to look everywhere. This also resulted in a food surplus.
Deforestation-where trees and plants in forests are cut and/or burnt down for human needs. Prominent in the Neolithic Era and this also resulted in a food surplus.
Pastoralism-The agricultural branch of farming that includes the domestication and herding of animals. Pastoralism caused people from the Paleolithic era to change to the Neolithic era, because it was a new way of surviving and caused a sort of "Enlightenment of survival".
Kinship Groups-A group of families traveling together. In mainly the Paleolithic era it made a tighter community for people so they could survive more efficiently.
Plows-Farming implements that cut furrows into the soil in order to prepare the soil for the planting of seeds. This was important because the people of the Neolithic era depended on farming to survive and plows helped them farm more
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An effect of that was that not everybody needed to involve themselves in only the activity of finding and preparing food, which caused people to start making art and other things that will improve on how they can live their life.
Catal Huyuk-An archeological site in south central Turkey, considered one the oldest cities in the world. Catal Huyuk used to be a river civilization and gives us an insight on how people changed from the Neolithic and Chalcolithic period.
Slash and Burn Farming-A farming method that involves cutting and burning in a forest or woodland to create fields called swiddens. This provided a much simpler way to make room for fields for people in the Neolithic era so they could farm.
Monumental Architecture-These are very large man-made structures of stone or earth. These are usually used as public/private buildings or spaces, like pyramids, temples, large tombs. But are not singular burials.
Cuneiform-One of the earliest forms of writing (created in Mesopotamia) that is distinguished by wedge shape marks on a clay tablet. This allowed people from the Neolithic era to communicate through writing which created much more opportunities for

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