The Pros And Cons Of Learning Disabilities

1940 Words 8 Pages
Learning disabilities have become a worldwide topic when it comes to learning. Learning disabilities does not care about gender, race or socioeconomic status and can affect anyone. Many people have perceptions on what a learning disability is but most are not educated enough to fully understand how the learning disability affects someone. Research was done on learning disabilities most people where thought of having a half of brain, retarded or not normal who had a learning disability. These uneducated stereotypes allowed for a misperception of many children in the United States. Learning disabilities were recognized as a negative and most people labeled with a learning disability don’t get a chance to prove their capability. The United States …show more content…
This allowed special programs in schools. An organization was formed by parents who had children with learning disabilities called the Association for Children with Learning Disabilities ((ACLD), later known as the LD Association pf America (LDA) (Cullen Pullen, 2016, p.27). Samuel Kirk founded the term learning disabilities in 1963 in Chicago but the federal government and national organizations have changed the definition of what a learning disability means over time (Cullen Pullen, 2016, p.27). Although many definitions have changed over time some of the characteristics that are listed in the “Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal” have stood the test of time, these characteristics are reading disabilities, mathematic disabilities, memory problems, insufficient learning strategies, social emotional problems and learning disabled students as “inactive learners” with meta-cognitive deficits. The more research that is done will allow for more programs and laws to be established to help children and adults suffering from learning …show more content…
One study that stood out the most was done by Leighton who reviewed hundreds of studies over the 20th century. Leighton states “cooperative learning strategies, properly structured, have proven to be efficient and effective in promoting mastery of knowledge and skills among students of all abilities and ages” (SENCIBAUGH, J. M., & SENCIBAUGH, A. M., 2016, p357). In the text “An Analysis of Cooperative Learning Approaches for Students with Learning Disabilities”, Johnson and Johnson did a study covering studies done over the 40 years which showed how cooperative learning increased test scores among students from 10 to 25 percent compared to conventional methods of teaching. Two conditions that are important to ensure each student is effectively getting the most out of cooperative learning is group recognition and individual accountability. “Studies of cooperative learning methods that incorporate group goals with individual accountability showed substantial positive effects on the achievement of students in grade 2-12 in all subjects and all schools” (SENCIBAUGH, J. M., & SENCIBAUGH, A. M., 2016,

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