The Pros And Cons Of Radiation Therapy

Superior Essays
More people compared to any other time in US history are able to survive and live their lives after cancer treatment. Cancer has been a rampant problem in the United States and the rest of the world, but recent statistics have been shown that the number of individuals affected is dropping and treatment of cancer is improving. The improvement of healthcare and cancer treatment has improved the fight against cancer and its survivability. But before talking about medical advances in treatment to cancer we must know what the definition of cancer is. Cancer is not just a single disease. There are many types of cancer. Cancer can start in the lungs, the breast, the colon, or even in the blood. Cancers share some similarities, but they way cancer …show more content…
The second type of treatment is radiation therapy. But, radiation can cause and destroy cancer. Doctors administer radiation in several different ways. Sometimes, they inject it into the bloodstream, where it circulates throughout the body, finding the cancer and destroying it. In other cases, they implant radioactive capsules directly into the tumor. The most common form of radiation therapy is machine radiation, which focuses a small beam of radiation directly at the tumor. Radiation therapy side effects include radiation sickness, which are nausea and skin redness in the tumor area. Some pros of radiation therapy is that it kills a large proportion of cancer cells with the entire tumor itself. And any microscopic disease at the periphery of the the tumor that wouldn’t be visible to the naked eye itself. Radiation therapy has the ability to shrink tumors and it is relatively safe for the patient while also preserving their organs. Some negatives of radiation therapy are possible damages to surrounding tissues, and it has an inability to kill tumor cells that cannot be seen on imaging scans, kill all the cancer cells in tumors, and relieve the mass effect in certain parts of the body. The last …show more content…
We as a nation can take steps to counter this and potentially reduce the cost. The developed world offers many lessons relating to the burden of cancer and cancer control strategies. Cancer prevention is an important and effective strategy for attacking the growing burden of diseases in the developing world. Programs should be implemented today to lessen the adverse impacts of cancer for generations into the future. In the developed world, effective cancer control programs have shown great success—however only after cancer incidence rates and death rates grew without being challenged for many decades. There is no reason to replicate such mistakes today. Cancer is a costly disease, but effective resource allocation yields positive outcomes Cancer surveillance and control programs should consider target outcomes and priorities according to the level of resources available. In this way, the effectiveness of programs can be improved. Not every program will yield similar outcomes wherever implemented for a variety of reasons. Proper planning and priority setting is essential. And according to Cancer Facts & Figures 2015, “Uninsured patients and those from ethnic minorities are substantially more likely to be diagnosed with cancer at a later stage, when treatment can be more extensive, more costly, and less successful.” By monitoring and effectively controlling cancer the nation and government can reduce the cost of treatment and

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