The Pros And Cons Of Abraham Lincoln

2002 Words 8 Pages
1. What professional and political experience did Abraham Lincoln accumulate before becoming President?
Abraham Lincoln had no professional experience neither did he went to any law school. He taught himself to read and be a lawyer. Lincoln left his father’s home and his father’s way of life for good when he was twenty-one years old. He was very energetic and eager to learn everything. He worked as a field hand, mended fences, worked at a blacksmith shop, the gristmill, hauled freight on the river, and also worked as a clerk for a local election board. He used to borrow books from others and read at every spare moment, growing especially attached to the works of Shakespeare and Robert Burns (McGovern 20). He also got a chance to appear informally
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He was determined to establish, for all time, that the people’s republic could not be reduced to an “absurdity” because of an arbitrary secession of one or more of the states (McGovern 48). Believing that suppression of rebellion was first and foremost an executive function, Lincoln then took a series of unprecedented actions that may not have been strictly legal in the absence of congressional action or oversight, but were in Lincoln’s mind a public necessity (McGovern 49). He repressed civil liberties during the war and otherwise. In Inauguration Day, Lincoln addressed to the crowd of thirty thousand people for his speech which he spent weeks in preparing it. The speech was his best chance, and his first as president, to set forth his views on the Union, the Constitution, and the integrity of the United States. He sought first to assure apprehensive Southerners, in plain and simple language, that “their property, and their peace, and personal security” were in no danger (McGovern 55). As a president, Lincoln was obligated to enforce the laws in all states and he promised that there will be no bloodshed or violence unless it be forced upon the national authority. “There will be no invasion, no using of force against, or among the people anywhere.” (McGovern 56). Lincoln would not get angry on his …show more content…
Lincoln freed four million slaves with the stroke of a pen which he believed was the great event of the nineteenth century. Lincoln hated slavery and believed that no man has the right to own another man. He abhorred slavery and he described himself as naturally antislavery. “Slavery is founded in the selfishness of man’s nature; opposition to it in his love of justice”. African Americans, Lincoln believed, were human beings and by “natural law” deserved to be treated with dignity and respect (McGovern 67). Lincoln saw slavery as a monstrous evil and he described it as the eternal struggle between right and wrong through out the world. According to the Declaration of Independence, he said, all men, including black men, are created equal, at least to the extent that none has a right to enslave another.” He took the argument further and said “Those who deny freedom to others, deserve it not for themselves, and, under a just God, can not long retain it.” Slavery was “wrong, morally and politically,” and Lincoln also said “So I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master.” (McGovern 68). Lincoln justified emancipation on one and only one thing, “Military Necessity”. That was freeing the slaves in the south was necessary to win the civil war to the north. He said, “Emancipation was a military necessity absolutely

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