The Postclassical Period Essay

2240 Words Nov 27th, 2013 9 Pages
CCOT 2012
Changes and continuities from the classical to the post-classical cover a wide range of political, cultural, religious and economic shifts as populations grew and societies became more complex. The classical empires of Rome, Han China, Gupta India and Archaemenid Persia fell due to external and internal forces and were replaced by the larger empires of the post classical Byzantine; Tsui, Tang and Song in China and the Caliphates in Persia. Only India did not return to an over reaching centralized empire. During the post-classical Dar el-Islam united much of Eurasia with a single religious adherence to Islam. Also, the largest empire the world was ever to see, the Mongols, rose during the
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Changes in political institutions from the classical to the post classical were most dramatic in Europe and India, both of which fragmented into many small kingdoms because of external forces. In Europe Germanic tribes and the Huns fragment Europe after the Roman Empire becomes too weak to protect their previously conquered European territories. By the early fourth century Europe is made up of three kingdoms; Frankish, Ostrogoths and Visigoths. The Avars, a nomadic group of unknown ethnicity come out of the steppes much as the Huns had a century earlier and drive the Slavs into Western Europe, further destabilizing it. By the eighth century the Vikings had arrived and for two hundred years plunder coastal Western Europe. Thus we have almost five hundred years of migrations into Europe that keep any empire from forming. The exception is the Holy Roman Empire of Charlemagne, but that is only a two generation experiment. In India we have a similar fate to Europe with the external forces destroying the classical Gupta Empire, in this case the White Huns who were an unrelated Hunnic group from Central Asia. After the fall of the Gupta Empire, India’s religious ideology separated into a Muslim North and Hindu South. In Northern India the Turks brought Islam and established the territories of Mahmud of Ghazni and the

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