The Political Structure Of The Islamic Republic Of Iran

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The Islamic Republic of Iran is an Islamic theocratic state that has a very complex government structure, which consists of Islamic laws and democratic elements. The Iran Revolution under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, the founding of the Islamic Republic, adopted a constitution based on Islamic principles and norms in December 1979. The new constitution aimed towards creating a society that upholds the values of Islam and provides the necessary tools to maintain the Iranian Revolution ideologies as well as promoting Islamic conformity inside Iran and abroad. According to the Iranian constitution all laws and regulations must be based in accordance with Islamic principles.

Other than being a theocratic system, Iran’s political
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The Supreme Leader is appointed by the Assembly of Experts. The Assembly of Experts is a branch of the government structure consists of 86 members who are directly elected by the public to eight-year terms. The Assembly supervised the Supreme Leader’s performance and has the constitutional authority to remove him from power if he does not fulfill his duties as required by the constitution. The Supreme Leader appoints the head of the judiciary and six of the members of the Guardian Council. The Supreme Leader is the head of the radio, television networks and Friday prayer, confirms presidential election results, more importantly the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, including the powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. Furthermore, the Supreme Leader runs the foundations known as the “bonyads” that control several hundred companies and are purportedly allocated approximately half of the government budget and account for nearly 40 percent of the Iran’s gross domestic product. The Supreme Leader also has the authority to create advisory boards such as the Expediency Council whose duty includes mediating conflicts between the parliament and the Guardian …show more content…
The president is responsible to implement the constitution and set the country’s economic policies. However, this is a relatively weak position since all the powers are concentrated in hands of the Supreme Leader as prescribed by the constitution. The president is served by eight vice presidents and his cabinet is made up of 22 members.

The parliament of Iran is a unicameral (one chamber) legislative body consists of 290 members of who are elected by popular vote every four years. The power of the parliament is mixed. In its capacity, the parliament has constitutional authority to summon and impeach members of the executive branch including the president. It can introduce and pass legislations; however, all these legislations must be reviewed and approved by the Guardian Council.

One of the most influential bodies in Iran is the Guardian Council. Members are appointed by the Supreme Leader and the judiciary branch, 6 members respectively, jurists and theologians and are approved by the parliament. Members serve a six-year term. In addition to validating legislations passed by the parliament, the council determines who can hold government

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