Iran Political System

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The Islamic Republic of Iran is an Islamic theocratic state that has a very complex government structure, which consists of Islamic laws and democratic elements. The Iran Revolution under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, the founding of the Islamic Republic, adopted a constitution based on Islamic principles and norms in December 1979. The new constitution aimed towards creating a society that upholds the values of Islam and provides the necessary tools to maintain the Iranian Revolution ideologies as well as promoting Islamic conformity inside Iran and abroad. According to the Iranian constitution all laws and regulations must be based in accordance with Islamic principles.

Other than being a theocratic system, Iran’s political
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The power of the parliament is mixed. In its capacity, the parliament has constitutional authority to summon and impeach members of the executive branch including the president. It can introduce and pass legislations; however, all these legislations must be reviewed and approved by the Guardian Council.

One of the most influential bodies in Iran is the Guardian Council. Members are appointed by the Supreme Leader and the judiciary branch, 6 members respectively, jurists and theologians and are approved by the parliament. Members serve a six-year term. In addition to validating legislations passed by the parliament, the council determines who can hold government offices.

The Iranian constitution provides for an independent judicial system to be made of Shia Mujtahids. The head of the judiciary appoints the chief justice of the Supreme Court and the chief prosecutor. There are special clerical courts, public courts, and revolutionary courts in this system. The special clerical court handles allegations involving clerics. Most criminal and civil cases are tried in public courts. The Revolutionary Court tries cases that undermine the Revolution, cases involving national security and drug trafficking. Decisions adjudicated by the Revolution and the Special Clerical Courts cannot be
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Such authority allows him to surround himself with a network of hardliners and suppresses reformists under the disguise of the protecting the Revolution. Since the reformists are silenced and all the laws and major decisions have to go through people appointed by the Supreme Leader or himself, there are alternatives voices at the table of decision-making to advance the causes of the common people. The country’s political and economic decisions should be rested in the hands of the individuals who are directly elected by the people. There is no balance of power in Iran’s current government

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