The Pathophysiology Of Asthma And Asthma Essay

3337 Words Jul 8th, 2015 14 Pages
1. Discuss the pathophysiology of asthma.
Asthma occurs when a patient’s airway becomes narrow, swells and produces excess mucus. The patients’ breathing becomes labored and causes shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. Asthma may be minor for some patients, but for others it may cause severe complications. Asthma may also interfere with activities of daily living and in some instances can be life threatening. Asthma is not curable, but the symptoms can be managed with medications. Overtime, asthma may change and therefore it is important for patients that have asthma to consult with their primary care physician to identify any triggers that may cause asthma attacks and symptoms and adjust their treatment accordingly (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
There are several risk factors that may increase the chances of developing asthma. These risk factors include genetics, allergies, obesity, smoking, exposure to second hand smoke and pollution, as well as the chemicals that are used in various occupations. If a patient is exposed to allergens, germs, or parasites that contain bacterial or viral infections this may also be a risk factor. At this time additional research is required to pinpoint which specific role these exposures play in developing asthma (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
As previously mentioned, asthma may cause severe complications for a patient and may be life threatening. Asthma complications include symptoms that may interfere with sleep, work, and daily activities, narrowed…

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