The PERMA Model: The Well-Being Of The Mindroom

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Mindfulness is defined as a consciousness that arises through purposeful non-judgmentally attentiveness in the current moment (Kabat-Zinn, 2003). According to Kabat-Zinn (1990), Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a core mindfulness approach that brings together mindfulness mediation and yoga. Specific mindfulness approaches focus on the actual development of mindfulness, while the methods to teach mindfulness vary. School-based mindfulness programs have shown evidence that practicing mindfulness improves student achievement and decreases psychological distress (Deckro, Ballinger & Hoyt, 2002). This study seeks to examine the well-being of college students engaged in MBSR using the PERMA model as a framework.

Background of the Problem
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The PERMA model allows the opportunity to assess areas such as achievement and positive relationships that are valued by many college students (Kern et al., 2015). According to White et al. (2014), a multidimensional approach to well-being enables educational institutions to adapt systematic well-being methods to students’ developmental needs.
Coffey et al. (2016) conducted two studies assessing whether PERMA is a useful predictor of college students ' flourishing and determined the five core elements of PERMA are an accurate measure toward students achieving optimal well-being. Positive education focuses on education empowering individual skills and happiness. Empowering educational progress through strengthening the health, safety, and moral development of students at all levels is both needed and desirable (Land, Lamb, & Mustillo, 2001; Martens & Witt, 2004; & Seligman et al.,
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(2011) conducted research to assess the acceptability and effect of a (MBSR) program with at-risk urban youth. Participants revealed their engagement in self-guided meditation before homework or a test enabled them to feel less stressed. The findings revealed a positive correlation between MBSR sessions and youth health, school achievement, and interpersonal interactions. Participant interviews in the Sibinga study found youth as more present due to the MBSR techniques in situations they would regularly zone out in the past. MBSR has been used as a strategy to strengthen emotional regulation of students to aid in student success (Lam et al., 2015). Furthermore, MBSR has shown to help individuals establish effective coping strategies in response to stress and help increase quality of life (Jastrowski Mano et al., 2013, and Grossman et al.,

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