The Moral Philosophy Of Adam Smith Essay

754 Words Feb 22nd, 2016 4 Pages
Adam Smith, despite identification by many as the creator of modern economic theories that formed the basis of capitalism in its present system, postulated much further into the concepts of the evolution of civilization and the changing societal morals within. His focus on morality and its intersection with his unique definition of sympathy shaped a philosophy that influenced fellow Enlightenment thinkers and later moral philosophers. Smith’s unique theories on this subject, in particular the idea of the impartial spectator as key to an improved society, fuel debate upon the precise nature of this spectator’s role in his moral philosophy and its application to the present-day society. The moral philosophy of Adam Smith involves several factors interaction within society, outlined in numerous scenarios the man concocted. The absolute basis of theory in actuality departs from many of his predecessors and in specific his mentor, Francis Hutcheson in their belief of moral sense, a “sixth sense” in addition to ones of sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell that allows one to “perceive moral qualities.” Smith disagrees with this idea in two central themes, both in explanation to the nature of conscious, of concern. His idea focuses on that people’s “conscience is a social product,” a human’s interpretation of societies morals and beliefs exhibited through culture and public interactions. This formation of moral judgment is further expanded upon through the “two fundamental…

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