The Major Causes Of The American Civil War In 1861

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When the constitution was written, The United States did not give clear guidelines about slavery. As a result, this was a reason why slavery became such a heated political issue. It was a growing crisis that consumed the entire American nation and lead to the fighting over the future of slavery. There were many factors that caused the American Civil War in 1861, such as the Kansas Nebraska Act, the Compromise of 1850, the Transcontinental Railroad, and the Presidental Election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, which formed a new political party. In the 1850’s, two key events were primary causes of the Civil War: the Dred Scott Decision and the Abolition movement and it’s literature. Northerners were confronted with the brutality and horrors of the South’s peculiar instituion. These events helped ignite the sectional political flames that separated the Union and lead to the American Civil War of 1861. A slave named Dred Scott sued for freedom for himself and his family in 1857. He believed they were free because they had lived in free states. In the bias Supreme Court case of Dred Scott v. Sandford, five out of the nine judges were from slave states. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney wrote the pro-slavery Dred Scott decision that took ten …show more content…
Newspapers like The Liberator, written by William Lloyd Garrison, began to be published. Abolition Literature such as Harriet Beecher Stowe’s, Uncle Tom’s Cabin and Solomon Northup’s work, Twelve Years A Slave served as political propaganda and had a radicalizing effect on the North’s conscience towards slavery. Uncle Tom’s Cabin was an emotional and influential novel that called upon one’s Christian conscience. Northerners began to become zealous and sympathetic about slavery, where before it was a political issue that did not affect them. Abraham Lincoln told Harriett Beecher Stowe that she was the little woman who wrote the book “that made this great

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