The Incas Civilization In South America

1623 Words 7 Pages
There were countless civilizations I could have selected from but, none caught my attention quite like the Incas. Who are they? Incas are best defined as “a civilization in South America formed by ethnic Quechua people, also known as Amerindians” (Staff Writer, 2016). Inca descendants were originally hunters from Asia, who originated over the years to find new means of living. However, the Inca themselves would have you believe differently, they would “explain their origin through legends, such as the legend of the Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, which emerged from Lake Titicaca and the Legend of the Ayar Brothers.” (Staff Writer, 2016).
The legend of Lake Titicaca states, the god like Tici Viracocha arose from out of the Lake Titicaca, when
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Other common bridges were small in comparison to the Incas ability to build architecturally sound buildings. The Incas were such astonishing stonemasons, when it came to building structures and fortifying them the structures themselves were known to withstand earthquakes for over 500 years. Some were so sound they were even used today as foundations for new buildings. Incas took their engineering skills to the next level when “they built water canals that required the most advanced hydraulic engineering capabilities” (Staff Writer, 2016). It was difficult for the Incas to depend on rainwater for crops, as well as for drinking water. The coarse terrain made it even more problematic to transport water to cover their needs. This was a time in which a wheel would have been handy yet the Incas were able to complete such tasks without it, even the use of horses would have lightened their load yet Incas found a way around that as well using backpacks and domesticating llamas. Incas found they were able to dig terraces to help prevent erosion and transport water for irrigation (this would aid in the cultivation of their crops) in what would be painstaking intolerable …show more content…
Upon the bereavement of “Inca ruler Wayna Qhapaq in 1528 CE, two of his sons, Waskar and Atahualpa, battled in a damaging six-year civil war for control of their father’s empire.” (Cartwright, 2011). This was a devastating blow to the young empire and left many of its tribes battling against each other. The harsh laws of the Incan tribes had played vital roles in the tribes turning against one another. The Inca’s would struggle even more so when the Spanish arrived the Incas were hit with a devastating blow of an “epidemic of European diseases, such as smallpox, which had spread from central America even faster than the European invaders themselves. Furthermore, such a disease killed Wayna Qhapaq in 1528 CE and in some places a staggering 65-90% of the population would die from this invisible enemy.” (Cartwright, 2016). The Incas soon would find themselves in the fight of their lives to save their young empire. Their mere slings, arrows, spears and clubs would be no match for the Spanish advanced armor and weaponry. One by one the cities of the of the “Land of Four Quarters” as well as their rulers would fall until, finally “in 1572 CE, a Spanish force led by Viceroy Toledo captured the Inca king, Thupa Amaru, took him back to Cuzco and executed him. The last Inca ruler was gone and with him any hope of restoring their once great empire” (Cartwright, 2011). The Inca way of life ceased with no documentation

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