The Kokoda Campaign

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The Kokoda Campaign is one of the most famous and well-known battles faced by the Australian soldiers in World War II. The battle continued over a four month period thought New Guinea and surrounding islands. The main purpose of the campaign from the Australian side was to protect New Guinea from the Japanese whose plan was to invade and claim their land as their own. This is known to be one of the bloodiest campaigns of the World War with the trail being extremely narrow and no where to hide and be protected. It has left a strong, unbreakable bond between New Guinea and Australia which will continue throughout both of the countries history.

In September of 1939, the 6th Division was formed and the 7th division was formed in March of 1940.
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Their want for Port Morseby stems from the ability to attack Australia and gain power of all of Paupa, causing the pressure of a victory for the Australians to ensure protection. That same day, the Australian “Marouba Force” arrived meaning their was more support for the soldiers already fighting and trying to contain the Japanese. With the Australians being greatly outnumbered, this was a battle that needed to have more troops. The 39th Battalion, which was made up of amateur soldiers was trained on the far side of the range was called into action in helping defeat Japan. Previous to this, Japan had only lost one land battle making this battle so challenging. Both sides made their first encounter on the trail on 24th of July with this resulting in Australia retreating to Kokoda. 5 days later, with the speed of Japan coming into their advantage, they take over Kokoda. With now having time to gain more troops, the 39th Battalion with the support now of 7th division and the AIF, they were able to stop Japan from advancing any further. The Kokoda Track was deciding whether Japan had power of New Guinea and this prove hard to keep in possession of the people in New Guinea. The track itself was hard on foot, with the track being narrow and steep. You can only travel single file and couldn't carry any artillery with them, only weapons that could be carried. This made sure this …show more content…
Today, the Kokoda Trail is known to be one of the hardest trails to walk, let alone fight. It is a 96km long trail which is said to be physically draining and very long. The trail itself today is open to the public, with no modernisations to the track. There are no shops around it or electricity to keep it authentic. Many Australian soldiers lost now buried in the Bomana War Cemetery and you can still see their rusted weapons and the trenches they travelled though. It is currently seeking a World Heritage site listing for its significance.

This was fought by Australians with heart and compassion, as they came out victorious for the New Guinea people. Both sides, the Japanese and Australian experienced the hardships and challenges that the trail offered, fighting and conditions included. This campaign was an important turning point for the Pacific War and symbolises exactly what Australians are about, persistence and

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