The Issue Of Fear And Terror Within International Relations Essay

1550 Words Nov 30th, 2016 7 Pages
The concept of security plays an instrumental role in the discussion of fear and terror within international relations. Since the Second World War, sovereign states and non-governmental organizations have sought to maintain law, order, and peace through mostly militaristic means. However, international political relations and agendas have radically changed in recent times, and a set of new economic, and environmental challenges has established a pattern of complicated and ambigious responses to perceived security threats. According to the Copenhagen School of thought, state actors administer a rhetoric of existential threat and fear through social means in order to successfully designate a normal political issue as an issue of “security”. This process of “securitization” allows for states to use exceptional measures (like war) to combat these perceived threats. More often that not, the making of something into a “security issue” hides from the audience a wide range of abuses of power and liberty that traditionally stem from such phenomena, with examples including The War on Terror. The origins of securitization theory can be traced back to the Copenhagen School, an academic circle which placed an emphasis on the social aspects of security studies, and was largely influenced by the work of Barry Buzan and in particular, his 1983 novel, People, States and Fear: The National Security Problem in International Relations (source). In 1995, Ole Wæver introduced securitization by…

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