Essay The Issue Of Euthanasia And Euthanasia

884 Words Apr 9th, 2016 4 Pages
Throughout history, philosophers have spent sleepless nights restlessly debating whether people have the right to end their lives, and under what circumstances they may do so. The topic of euthanasia touches upon people’s most fundamental interests; their morality, spirituality and well being, and hence provokes the most passionate of human emotions….

The concept of euthanasia was coined by the ancient Greeks and comes from a compound of two Greek words; Eu (meaning good) and Thanatos (meaning death). The Oxford English dictionary defines euthanasia as the intentional act of causing or hastening the death of a person who is suffering from an incurable and or terminal disease or condition, especially a painful one, for reasons of mercy.

Euthanasia is a widely disputed topic and is divided into distinct categories: voluntary euthanasia is when the person who was killed had explicitly requested to be killed, involuntary euthanasia (commonly referred to as mercy killing) is when the person who was killed was unable to explicitly voice a decision as they were in a persistent vegetative state, for example a person in an irreversible coma. New Zealand does not provide the means for voluntary euthanasia however, involuntary euthanasia is permissible, in certain circumstances.

Active euthanasia is euthanasia performed by a healthcare practitioner who not only provides the means of death, but also carries out the final death-causing act. This form of euthanasia is commonly…

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