Essay about The Islamic Republic Of Iran

1444 Words Jun 1st, 2015 6 Pages
The Islamic Republic of Iran and its hostile connections to the rest of the world are traced back to the turbulent times of the Iranian Revolution, which, though it officially began in 1979, took shape in the early 1950s under the rule of dictator Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi. As the ruling family of the nation, “The Pahlavi dynasty ruled since 1925, but the shah had been overthrown once before in 1951 and returned to the throne only with the assistance of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency” (“Islamic.” 1). As a precursor to this event, “In 1951…Mohammed Mosaddeq became prime minister and succeeded in nationalizing the oil companies of Iran, then under British ownership” (Lyle 55-6). The United States and United Kingdom were against [Mossadeq’s] attempts to nationalize Iran’s oil industry, so they planned the 1953 coup to [re]install Reza Pahlavi, who would support more Western oil control as well as more Western-style social reforms (Wagner 47). On the week of August 15, 1953, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) of Britain staged a coup d’état against Iran’s democratic prime minister Mossadeq to protect Western oil interests. They were successful in their attempt: Mossadeq was deposed, and an exiled Pahlavi was returned to the throne. (“Islamic.” 1). Under his following 26-year dictatorial rule, “Pahlavi became infamous for his establishment of the Sāzemān-e Ettelā 'āt va Amniyat-e Keshvar (SAVAK), a brutal secret police force…

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