The Integrated Pattern Of Human Knowledge, Belief, And Behavior

1473 Words Sep 20th, 2016 6 Pages
I. Introduction

Webster defines culture as ‘the integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations. We learn that Joel was a priest turned prophet that held strong Hebrew cultural values and the teaching connected to the temple. The temple was the centerpiece of all religious values connected to the Israelites. The priests were the custodians of the temple and the judges of those values. They were also the teachers and educators for the values of God taught in the Torah. They were to be the moral compass for the people. Unfortunately, the priests lost sight of their role as educators and became political advisors consumed economic gain like the surrounding nations. Joel communicates the effects of turning away from those values have had on the people, the land, and the animals. He is familiar with the teaching of the Torah and prophets. He calls for a solemn gathering back to the temple to repentance. He reveals his desire to reform the traditional system rather than abandon it. He has read the prophets and has seen that in large, their efforts have not made any significant change in their ethical values. His writings make us believe he holds to genuine belief in God, but ultimately he holds that real change comes through violence (3:9). Although religion has the ability to tutor society in ethical values, the Major Prophets, unlike Joel, see long-term transformation…

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