Paper # 3
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? – Edmund Gettier
Gettier paper argued that for a thought to be considered justified there needs to be a necessary condition and that a third condition needs to be introduced for S to believe namely Q. Gettier talks about three other philosophers ideals and states that their ideas are wrong.
Plato’s Theaetetus and Meno
In Theaetetus, Plato through Socrates fumble with what knowledge is. Socrates has a dialog with one of Plato’s student, Theaetetus, in this dialog they discuss what knowledge is. One of Theaetetus’ definition is that knowledge is true judgement, in this definition they go through several accounts in which knowledge cannot be true judgement. In the final refutation, Socrates offers a counter example in which he states “a skilled lawyer can bring jurymen into a state of true belief without bringing them into a state of knowledge” (Theaetetus 200d-201c). This alludes that true belief and knowledge are different states. A person can have true belief without knowledge of or about the item in which they have true belief. When in court all that a …show more content…
Said knowledge has the right to be sure. These cases are based of the individual perception, their entire case is based on their ability to provide proof of their proposition. Their proposition can be anything from a memory to something that they perceived. Ayer acknowledges that it is hard to possess such a proof of these types of proposition. He advises that the individual states general ideas, they also need to have evidence backing their proposition, in this case memories, testimony, or other forms of evidence is reliable (Ayer, p. 32). Ayer himself thought that this was too difficult of a task, that the correct standard to set for claims to knowledge was to be decided reasonably. One has the right to be sure even when the possibility that they may be wrong is