The Importance Of The Union Military Strategy

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Union military Strategy 1861 – 1862: Lincoln and the Union high commands initial strategic proposal came from Major General Winfield Scott, who proposed the “Anaconda Plan.” Scott’s master vision was an 80,000 man army pushing down the Mississippi River, severing the Confederacy in half while the Union navy instituted a blockade to suffocate and cut of the South’s trade (Moore pg.2). One factor that Scott and many of his staff thought would aid the Union war effort, was that a bulk of Southerners were pro-Unionist and were being suppressed by an elitist minority. This idea evolved into a strategy of slowly approaching and attacking key southern cities was favored to allow time for Northern sympathizers to rise against the bourgeoisie of the …show more content…
These factors would play important roles in the Union military strategy.
After General Scott resigned due to poor health Lincoln instituted the naval blockade of key Southern ports. The blockade would prove to be a profound strategic movement that would start to squeeze the Confederates supply’s arriving from foreign countries. The South responded to the blockade by constructing ironclads, and conducting guerre de course, or commerce raiding against Union merchant ships. After this initial back and forth of military strategy, Lincoln demanded that the Union military command abandon a slow moving strategy and attack Richmond, after the failure and humiliating defeat at Manassas Junction in the battle of Bull Run by General’s Robert Patterson, and Irvin McDowell. The Union re-grouped after the battle of Bull Run and Lincoln gave General McClellan the new commander of the eastern Union armies the order to begin the invasion of Virginia in November 1861 (Moore pg.3). McClellan believed that the Union troops lacked the
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It had lost its banking system-which were headquartered in New York and held no gold or silver reserves. There were various forms of paper money printed by the states and even by some private banks, but overall people did not trust paper money, unless it was backed by gold. Without the gold and banks, the Confederacy did the only thing it could do; print money. The printing of money would prove difficult though because under the new Confederate Constitution the central government could not collect taxes from the states and the constitution left the job of levying taxes up to each individual state. As in the American Revolution decades before, states collected little money and just like the central government of the colonial period, the Confederacy soon went broke. The failing agrarian economy of the South also failed because so many family heads went away to fight in the war, much of the Southern agricultural land was left unmanaged. This led to the South being unable to feed both the civilian and military populations. It also had the side-effect of creating deserters in the Confederate army because people were concerned when they found out that their families were starving to death. Arms and ammunition were also in extremely short supply in the South. Men had to bring their own guns, and soldiers scavenged the battlefields to take Union

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