The Importance Of Constructivists In Education

Great Essays
Register to read the introduction… Students with disabilities have to learn how to become socially accepted members of their community, just like normally developing students. Constructivists fell that teachers must instruct their students within their zone of proximal development. The zone of proximal development refers to, “ the instructional area between where the learner has independence or mastery and what can be achieved with competent assistance”(Mercer, Jordan, & Miller, 1994, p.292). Adding to the misunderstanding of constructivism a concern has developed questioning to what degree can teachers provide help to their students. The responsibility of a constructivist teacher is to guide the students to mastery and become independent, self-regulated learners. Student with disabilities need the continuous support provided to them by their teacher, making the constructivist learning theory difficult for these types of students to become successful. Constructivists feel that a student’s main focus in learning is to make a connection or bridge the gap between prior knowledge and new knowledge. Students with disabilities struggle with ability to generalize, therefore asking students to call upon prior knowledge in order to make connections seems like an unrealistic goal for students with disabilities to achieve. Constructivist focus on accomplishing whole task learning through simultaneous whole instruction, being able to make connections to prior knowledge but also to the community that which they live. Even though educators feel it is important for students with disabilities to become active members of their community it seems that in a constructivist style classroom these students many only benefit from the social aspect and get lost in the learning …show more content…
To begin to develop acceptance among students it is important to introduce typically developing children to those children who may have disabilities at an early age before students can develop harsh opinions. We have learned that dialectical constructivism may be the only successful approach to incorporating students with disabilities into a constructivist-learning environment. A dialectical constructivism classroom can be seen in what we are familiar with today as an “inclusion” style classroom. An inclusion classroom is made up of students with and without disabilities. Vygotsky feels “ that all children develop by play and to take students with disabilities out of the equation can be departmental to their cognitive but also social development”(Mallory & New, 1994, p.331). For teachers it may become extremely difficult to manage and provide equal opportunities for all students, but including students with disabilities you are giving them then chance to socially engage and learn with their peers. Constructivists say that you learn from collaborating with your peers and listening to their thoughts and ideas. However, an inclusion style classroom is not for all students with disabilities but it is a good place to

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    Students, thus, are responsible in their own learning. In order to deal with student diversity, ‘scaffolding’ is one of the methods that could facilitate my student learning with previous knowledge and skills. As every student has equal chances in learning, I usually try to figure out the difficulties and needs of my students during the lesson. Cooperative learning and immediate feedback could enhance independent learning and ensure students’ understanding of new concepts. Although there are many techniques in teaching children with SEN, teachers need to keep trying a variety of strategies since there is no best method toward learner…

    • 1955 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    If we don’t encourage the children to be proud of their culture and background while introducing to them the new culture, they will be left feeling lost and inferior. They feel unsure of who they are until they feel safe to claim their identity. Teachers need to understand other cultures and students need to feel valued and accepted. As you can see, teachers are expected to change classroom practices to support the learning of struggling students. The safe environment that would nurture the children during a difficult time of uncertainty while bridging the gap between old and new cultures, and that will make a difference in student learning.…

    • 835 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Also, where they feel comfortable to explore, enjoy to learning, and being able to express themselves. I also want them to learn about love, kindness, honesty, patience, and cooperation so they can develop higher skills such as working in a team or self- motivation. Teaching isn’t just a daily routine of learning about specific topics but creating a relationship so they know that you’re there for them and so they know they are on a path of discoveries about themselves through their education. Being an early childhood educator means one must challenge and guide in a direction that meets the needs of the students (Roles, 2008). Teachers should give up the notion that they know everything because we are day by day learning with the children and share in their experiences (Roles,…

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    My goal is to give each child the same opportunity, not just in the classroom but in life. Children with special needs are often set away from the group so it makes it harder for them to socialize and make friends. I want to help mainstream education so that all children can learn and socialize together…

    • 1338 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    According to Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences, individuals have different learning styles; therefore there is not any single, most effective way to promote learning. The information that students are taught needs to make sense to them in order for them to want to learn hence teachers need to build on ideas, concepts and experiences that students already know. In my opinion, students learn best when they believe in themselves and they believe that they can. Students need a classroom environment where they are comfortable, feel safe and secured, one which supports their social, emotional, cultural and educational needs. As well as an environment where they feel respected and has a positive relationship with the…

    • 781 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Uncomfortable settings do not provide an adequate learning environment in which students are able to express themselves. People generally do well when relationships are reciprocated and a balance of work ethic and attention is given, providing a foundation for growth. When peers and teachers show care, the students within the relationships work hard to keep that relationship going, providing motivation and student engagement. Teaching the children according to their preferences is only possible if the teacher knows about the students, which is a consequence of good…

    • 1285 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Principle 1 In psychology we talked about how to teach children with intellectual disabilities, which I found very helpful despite the fact that I will not be a special education teacher. Some of the advice given could be applied to student without intellectual disabilities. When teaching children with disabilities as a teacher you have to have high, but still appropriate, standards for your students. You never know how much the student can do, and not challenging their abilities is doing them a disservice. Also when teaching special education you have to give the student immediate feedback to let them to know how well they are doing or if they need to work on something.…

    • 790 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There is an entire gray area that children will need to successfully navigate using critical thinking and processes. By focusing teaching on finding the correct answer or selecting an answer from a list of choices, students are losing the ability to make critical cognitive decisions and develop a fear of being wrong. In summation, education should be focused educating the whole student. Students need to become active participants in their education. Curriculum should be guiding the students through an interdisciplinary combination of content, but the general lessons and function of a classroom should foster student-teacher relationships and opportunities for collaboration, problem solving, and decision making.…

    • 711 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    I think the teacher should give children the “temporary support” they need until they are “capable of doing a given task alone” (Leming, 2003, p. 118). If teachers have trouble giving children more control in the classroom, they can at least take children’s thoughts and opinions into account. If children are involved in their learning, I feel like they will be more interested in it then if they were just getting lectured by their teacher the whole time. I just think why not at least try if children learn best this way. The teacher is always nearby to offer help and assistance when and if needed.…

    • 860 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Interpret The Past

    • 1251 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Additionally, there is an enormous pressure on teacher to prepare each child to meet mandated state’s standards, thus, there is a time constraint and less focus on teacher inquiry based history in favor of fact feeding, and memorization. Our goal as teachers of social studies should be to guide students to ask questions and construct interpretation of past and current issues because even at a young age children can learn important thinking and decision-making…

    • 1251 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays