The Impact Of Suicide In Aboriginal Youth

1359 Words 6 Pages
Suicide is a major health issue in Canada, especially in Aboriginal youth as demonstrated by the Attawapiskat suicide crisis in April 2015 where 11 youths attempted suicide (Dyer, 2016). Indigenous populations are one of the most at risk groups for suicide with suicide rates being at least 2 times higher than Canada’s general population (Dyer, 2016). The high suicidality, the likelihood someone will commit suicide, in Indigenous populations can be fundamentally attributed to the legacy of residential school and the methodical assimilation of Aboriginals through mandatory attendance. The residential school legacy contains sexual, physical, and emotional abuse towards Indigenous children and a radical loss of Indigenous culture. This essay will …show more content…
First, each determinant includes a component of the legacy of residential schools. Failure to be raised in proper families has left current parents detached and unable properly care for their children (Hackett et al. 2016). The characteristic for social support is how cultural loss ruins community cohesion and leaves feelings of loneliness (Kral et al. 2014). Discrimination and oppression is rampant in healthcare administrations designed to provide resources to overcome health issues (Tang et al. 2015). Secondly, the determinants interact as all are different proximities of support; family, community, and society. Each determinant is a failure to deliver the means or support to prevent suicide on a different level with total interaction having a compounding effect. Suicide rates are higher in Indigenous populations because if all three determinants exist and interact they will fail to provide the necessary resources to aid coping with depressive/suicidal thoughts and alleviate feelings of alienation. Moreover, they’ll have a compounding effect leading to greater notions of loneliness and oppression which fosters suicidality. If one level can supply the necessary support, suicide risk decreases and the compounding effect is subdued. Interactions between early childhood development, social support, and health services present a feature of residential schools and more importantly breed a compounding effects when simultaneously

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