The Impact Of Income Inequality On Health

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More recently Wilkinson (1996) has proposed that income inequality has a greater impact on individual health than income itself. Income inequality may have some self-sufficient impact on health, or it may function through problems of control and stress this relates to the example from Brown and Harris, 1978, “Parenting on low incomes has been shown to be associated with stress and depression among women” (Citied in Acheson, 1996; 76).
Low incomes may lead to withdrawals of essential services such as water and electricity, as a consequence making people vulnerable to cold conditions causing onset problems such as respiratory infections. These types of conditions in poorer circumstances have effect on early life for families and their children, “Damp housing, poor heating and unsafe play spaces for children are among the problems people on low incomes face when trying to make a healthy environment for their children” (Baldock, 2012; 267). A provisional report from the Office of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister Committee’s Inquiry into child poverty in Northern Ireland noted that “100,000 children were living in relative poverty
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Similarly with sexual characteristics, gender has a philosophical influence on health and well-being. As stated by John Moriarty in his lectures, “Biological differences between men and women cannot be used in isolation to explain the influence of gender on health” (2014). While women tend to live longer than men they tend to experience more acute and chronic sickness than men throughout their lives. The socio economic circumstances of women are “often difficult to identify as they are frequently hidden in more general analyses, which either focus on the family as the unit of interest” (Millar and Glendinning, 1992). Consideration of gender inequality, societal roles, health behaviour and help seeking behaviour must be included when concerning gender to health

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