From Persecution To Deprivation Summary

Summarize the key arguments of the readings Alexander Betts’ article, “From Persecution to Deprivation: How Refugee Norms Adapt at Implementation” sought to demonstrate that the variation in practice in the application of non-refoulement between South Africa and Botswana could not be explained by the variation in the institutionalization of international norms. Regime stretching is demonstrated through the case study of South Africa and Botswana as host states for Zimbabweans. South Africa demonstrated regime stretching through the temporary suspension of the deportation of refugees who fell outside of the 1951 Convention framework. Botswana did not demonstrate regime stretching; Zimbabwean survival migrants were detained and deported. Both host states bear similar characteristics, but they differ in their institutionalization of the refugee regime. Both host states have signed and ratified the 1951 Convention, 1967 …show more content…
Lessons from Tanzania’s Naturalization of Burundian Refugees” address the ability of global policy to create durable solutions for refugees, as demonstrated through the impact of global policy on naturalization in Tanzania. Even though global policy contributed to the formulation early implementation of Tanzania’s naturalization policy, it was not able to ensure its full implementation due to the increased domestic opposition to local integration. The impact of global refugee policy on naturalization in Tanzania, as a product, is able to be understood through the mechanisms, the process, by which global policy is translated into action at a national level. The leadership role played by certain individuals in response to unexpected opportunities, characteristics of the refugee population, dynamics within Tanzania’s ruling party, and a changing regional context has acted as the process to the realization of the product, which was the naturalization process (Milner

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