Effects Of Gwangju Revolution

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In 1996, Korea became one of the members in OECD, achieving recognition as a developed country. To come to this point, there were many major historical events that impacted Korea and its economic success. One of the most impacting events was called, “Gwangju Uprising”, which was a movement against an absolute government. Gwangju revolution was firstly started by college students who were against the absolute government of Korea. People later joined the protest after looking at cruel oppression from the government. This movement is related to the ideas of the famous enlightenment thinker, John Locke. The Gwangju Uprising, a rebellion by the citizens against their dictator Park Jung-hee, was influenced by the Enlightenment ideas of John Locke. …show more content…
College students, including citizens in Gwangju participated to this protest and slowly extended to nationwide. Even though this protest led to a terrible relationship between citizens and the government, it is considered a pivotal and historical event in South Korea. It showed how people were looking forward to a democracy in Korea. 165 people died, 3139 people were injured and 1589 people were imprisoned. U.S military that had operational authority of Korea indirectly accepted the movement of martial law forces to Gwangju, resulting the anti-americanism (hating military of America) to be made.
Enlightenment was a period that challenged the basic ideas of church. The thinkers and scientists’ challenges allowed the Europe to develop and led to many revolutions. John Locke was one of the most significant enlightenment thinkers who argued for democracy. He was born in England and lived his life full of writings about politics, philosophy and education (John Locke Biography 2). He is mostly remembered by his enormous opinions about democracy and rights of citizens and governments. These ideas were enough to be called as enlightenment because these ideas showed up during absolutism in
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Gwangju revolution was not just about one or two people rebel against. This protest movement was planned very carefully from citizens and all of them had same minds that they have to fight with the government. Moreover, in the 13th National Assembly, the change in the balance of political power made it possible to hold a hearing concerning The Gwangju Uprising. (Matthiew 3). This televised all over the country, and it played an important role in spreading the truth of what had happened in Gwangju. It brought to light how brutally martial law forces had treated the citizens for those ten days in

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