Europe is given special consideration thus far in this class. What made Europe or European civilization unique in the perspective of some authors? It went from ‘marginal’ status to powerful region in a few hundred years. What did this process look like? Be sure to address this at the various levels (ideological, behavioral, institutional, material etc.). Are there reasons for this dominance that are more important than others?
Looking back at the world in the past few hundred years, it would have been difficult to imagine that one day, majority of Western Europe would come to dominate the world in global economy (Landes, European Exceptionalism: A Different Path, 1998). Frank (2001) described the process of which the western society
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In the 17th century the innovation revolution took place in Europe and textiles were critically import to this revolution (Harte, 1997). These innovations results in higher trade with the rest of the world, and consequently advance Europe’s development. During theses middle age times, the English were successful in exporting heavy broadcloths. Furthermore, Flanders and Italy also produced wool products and export them throughout the entire Europe and the world (Munro, 1997). Rapp (1975) stated that emerging industrial businesses began in East Anglia and the Low Countries. By late 17th century, approximately forty percent of wool products in England were supplied to other countries, and woolen fabrics amounted to sixty nine percent of the England’s exported products (Deane, 1957). Wool became a difficult product to find in England particularly in London, where most woolen products were exported; Cloths amounted to seventy four percent of London’s total exports (Martin, 1997). Since Italy and England were paying comparable wages and were trading cloth and purchasing wool from the same sources, both countries’ productivity were comparable prior to the creation of the new clothe products, materials and designs (Martin, 1997). The production techniques in England were more efficient and advanced than the traditional wool yarning methods, therefore resulting in