The Gatorade Sports Science Institute Essay

1012 Words Sep 29th, 2016 5 Pages
The Gatorade Sports Science Institute article I have chosen to write about covers the topic of Creatine effectiveness. This article discusses many key points about creatine use, Including, effectiveness of the supplement, usage and dosage of creatine as well as what type of physical exertion best complements creatine’s functions and the adverse health effects caused by creatine.

Creatine is a non-essential compound that the body can either synthesize via the pancreas, kidneys or liver, It can also be obtained via consumption of meat, which naturally contain creatine. Although non-essential, the body utilizes creatine, which is stored in the bodies muscles, by converting adenosine diphosphate (ADP) into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is chemical energy that is provided for cellular functions (i.e. protein synthesis, cell movement). In order for this to happen, creatine also known as phosphocreatine, donates its phosphate to the ADP to form ATP. This process typically happens under increased energy demand, usually seen in activities like powerlifting or sprinting, which involve short, intense periods of effort.

The article discusses two different common approaches to ingesting creatine, Creatine loading and habitual creatine use. Creatine loading, which typically consist of ingesting 20g per day for five days in order to saturate the muscles to a maximum of about 160 mmol per kg of dry muscle (Harris et al., 1992; Hultman el al., 1996). Although, this is not the case…

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