The Fourteenth Amendment And The Constitution Essay

2623 Words Oct 23rd, 2016 11 Pages
The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on February 3, 1870 and granted African-American (black) men the right to vote by declaring the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." (U. S. Const. amend. XV). After the Civil War, the “Radical” Republicans controlled the first Congress and enacted the Military Reconstruction Acts of 1867, which divided the ten former Confederate states into five districts, and placed them under military control. Each state was required to ratify the Thirteenth and Fourteenth amendments after which the first election was held in 1868. To continue punishment of the Confederate states, Congress controlled the southern votes which mainly consisted of poor whites and former slaves who pledged their loyalties to the Republican Party. This was also the first federal election Freedmen were able and the Party of Lincoln was their political party of choice for more than sixty years. By 1878, the Radicals had lost their enthusiasm for protecting Blacks; federal troops were being withdrawn from each military district; and Reconstruction had come to an end. By 1880, the Democratic Party had disenfranchised the rights of the black vote and white supremacy dominated black communities throughout the Southern states. The segregationist were able to regain control of Southern states by…

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