The Four Roles And Functions Of The Human Brain

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The human brain is very fascinating. It has many parts and functions, which help us in our daily lives. The brain is one of the most important things we humans have. The human brain has four parts: Hindbrain, Midbrain, Forebrain, and Cerebral Cortex. With each part comes its functions. For hindbrain the parts are medulla, cerebellum, and pons. For forebrain the functions are the limbic system, thalamus, hypothalamus, basal ganglia, and cerebral cortex. And last the cerebral cortex, the sections are occipital lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, and frontal lobe.

The hindbrain is located at the rear of the skull. Hindbrain has three parts: medulla, cerebellum, and pons. The medulla controls breathing, regulating reflexes, and maintaining
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It is made up of two systems- the serotonin receptor and norepinephrine receptor. It has a system called the reticular formation, which is involved with stereotypical patterns of behavior. Walking, sleeping, and other reflexes are examples of reticular formation. Another disease that is near the bottom of the midbrain is parkinson. It is a degenerative disease of the brain that causes involuntary tremors. It affects the body parts …show more content…
Overall, the limbic system is involved in memories and emotions. The thalamus is on top of the brain stem. It sorts out and relays incoming information to be the different parts of the forebrain. The thalamus also works with the reticular formation. It regulates the state of sleeping and wakefulness. The hypothalamus is located below the thalamus. It oversees activities such as eating and drinking. The basal ganglia is a clump of neurons that is between the thalamus and the cerebral cortex. It works with the cerebral cortex and the cerebellum for organize voluntary movement, especially in forming habitual behavior. And last the cerebral cortex is the most developed part of the brain. Makes up 80% of the brain’s volume and is the

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