Analysis Of Down's Syndrome

1083 Words 5 Pages
One mutation in a single human chromosome is all it takes. When a human has an extra copy of chromosome 21, this is referred to a developmental disorder known as Down’s Syndrome or Trisomy 21. An individual with Down’s have three copies of their genes instead of two, therefore disturbing the control of protein production within cells. It is so common and widespread that 1 out of every 800 to 1,000 babies are affected by Down’s Syndrome (FamilyDoctor). This means, according to the article entitled “Down Syndrome” from the University of Utah, “400,000 babies in the U.S have Down’s”. It is acquired through birth from the mother’s genes, even though the mother may not have Down’s herself. It has swept the world, and unfortunately there is no …show more content…
Facial features include a flat face, broad/small nose, large tongue, and abnormalities within the eye that could result in cataracts or tear duct complications early on (University of Utah). These are most commonly found in babies, and stay with these persons through their lifetime. The diagnosis for Down’s syndrome can be found quickly and easily either during pregnancy or shortly after birth. One option is using Karyotypes which are images of the person’s chromosomes to check for Trisomy 21, or that extra copy of chromosome 21. Other options include screening tests known as Triple Screen and Alpha Feto-Protein Plus to measure and detect various substances within a patient’s blood. Even Ultrasounds or samples of amniotic fluid, placenta, or umbilical cords can help doctors and scientists view chromosomes (University of Utah). After birth, the baby can be examined for the specific character traits stated earlier. The life impacts on a patient can be severe if precautions aren’t taken immediately and often. A child/patient with Down’s Syndrome is at a high risk for developing respiratory infections, heart defects, hearing loss, eye abnormalities, and overall develop at a slower rate (Facts about Down Syndrome CDC). Although life may seem hard, most are able to live a happy, healthy life with …show more content…
This does not discourage lifetime treatments, which over the decades have expanded life expectancy and improved the overall quality of life for a person with Down’s Syndrome. Simple treatments that prove beneficiary include physical/speech therapy, corrective surgeries for physical abnormalities, and even placing these affected children in enriched environments to improve the developing aspects around peers and positive encouragement (Medline Plus). These options may be found to be most effective. Doctors and scientists may choose to monitor a patient throughout their lifetime through blood tests for chromosome evaluation and if there are drastic changes or mutations. They can track progress over time and watch for increasing health risks and defects within an individual’s body. As this is a lifetime disease, it cannot be obtained or contracted again after any type of

Related Documents