The Expectancy Theory, And The Goal Setting Theory Essay

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There are three theories that fall into the category of being a process motivation: the equity theory, the expectancy theory, and the goal-setting theory. These theories are similar in that each one of them attempts to explain the process of motivation and why differences in perceptions may drive a person’s motivation. Another common theme among the theories is that they all rely on a single factor motivation – the individual’s cognitive orientation – which thereby determines one’s drive and satisfaction in their job performance (Judge & Ilies, 2002). However, the three theories seemingly have more different than similarities, especially in the defining characteristics and assumptions of each theory and how it relates to individual needs or desires in motivating behavior.
The expectancy theory is a motivational theory that suggests that while most individuals are motivated by the idea of a receiving a reward, the extent of this motivation, however, is based on a complex number of factors and personal preferences that can alter a person’s expectations, thereby giving the theory its name. For instance, the expectancy theory is formulated on four main assumptions. The first assumption is that behavior is an action of individual or personal choice; the second assumption is that every person has different goals or desires that essentially drives their behavior, the fourth assumption of this theory is that both internal and external factors can influence behavior; and the fourth…

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