The Existence Of Social Inequality In Society

818 Words 4 Pages
Social inequality is known as the existence of differing opportunities and benefits for distinct social positions throughout society and the groups within. We are currently facing the significant issue of social inequality throughout our everyday lives. Whether it’s the workplace or the supermarket, social inequality is a prominent issue. This can be seen through problems between race, gender, sexual orientation, or financial outcome. Therefore, this problem will affect society as a whole if not addressed. All of these issues tie into the principles of individual agency and larger social structures/processes. An individual agency is the ability of an individual to act independent and make their own decisions, however, this can be affected by society and its standards, causing the individual to make a different choice. A larger social structure is considered to be an arrangement which can either influence or limit the opportunities one can choose from. These two go hand-in-hand in such a way that the structure can influence the individual agency as far as freedom in choices go. This brings up the question of whether or not the free choices are influenced by the dictation of the social structure. Overall this relates back to the social stratification …show more content…
The functionalist theory supports the idea for social inequality as it is inevitable and plays a key role throughout society. They believe that positions higher up in society should be compensated more as a result of their standings. The conflict theory, however, views this inequality as a result of some social groups holding more power than others. As a result of this issue, they feel that social inequality prevents the social progress of other, less powerful groups who can therefore never climb the social ladder. In today’s society, power is achieved through certain beliefs and cultural norms which ultimately causes the social inequality

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