Essay The Etiology Of The Disorder

987 Words Mar 17th, 2015 4 Pages
Describe the etiology of the disorder.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a term that describes a range of effects that occurs in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during her pregnancy. Alcohol damages a fetus in the following ways: a)alcohol can trigger cell death in a number of ways which cause different parts of the fetus to develop abnormally; b)alcohol can disrupt nerve cell develop, travel to form different parts of the brain, and function; c) the blood flow in the placenta is constricted resulting in difficult in the deliverance of nutrients and oxygen to the fetus; and d) toxic byproducts become concentrated in the brain and contribute to the development of an FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Center for Excellence, 2007). Drinking prevalence among pregnant women includes but are limited to the following: a) 1 in 30 pregnant women reports high-risk drinking; b) more than 1 in 5 pregnant women report alcohol use in the first trimester, 1 in 14 in the second trimester, and 1 in 20 in the third trimester; c) alcohol use in past moth White non-Hispanic (11.8%), African-American (9.6%), and Hispanic (11.0%) (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Center for Excellence, 2006).
There are protective factors of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Exposure (FAE). They include living in a stable and nurturing home, having basic needs met for at least 13% of life, experiencing a good quality home from age 8 to 12 years, never having experienced violence…

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