The Ethical Theory Of Moral Laws Should Guide People 's Actions

1173 Words Sep 29th, 2016 5 Pages
In the ethical theory of Kantianism, moral laws should guide people’s actions and these moral laws should be universal. In order to apply this theory to all rational beings, any supreme principle of morality must be based on reason. Since the laws are derived through a reasoning process a Kantian is able to state if an action is right or wrong but they can also explain why it is right or wrong. The First Formulation of the Categorical Imperative is: Act only from moral rules that you can at the same time will to be universal moral laws. Which means that a person may take a false promise when that is the only way to escape a difficult situation. The Second Formulation is: Act so that you always treat both yourself and other people as ends in themselves, and never as a means to an end (Quinn). Which means that when you do something you should not be using a person in order to reach a larger goal.
Kantianism Analysis From a Kantian point of view, by falsifying a prescription from a licensed doctor, Jean is treating the pharmacist as a means to an end. She deceived the pharmacist with the goal of obtaining the medication. Based on the second formulation of the Categorical Imperative Jean is wrong for using the pharmacist and not attempting to communicate the gravity of Pierre’s situation to the pharmacist. Based on the first formulation of the Categorical Imperative Jean took a false promise in order to escape a difficult situation, which is okay however, in this context of…

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