The Moral Contributions Of David Hume And Immanuel Kant

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David Hume and Immanuel Kant are both known for their great contributions to moral philosophy. Hume who is mainly known for his empiricism, skepticism and naturalism and Kant who is best recognized for his great work in metaphysics, ethics and also for his contributions in others disciplines in the area of philosophy. Although they were both exceptional philosophers and gave stupendous apports, Hume and Kant agreed nor differed in various aspect and ideas.

Hume believed and is mostly based on his empiricism which involves the theory of the mind. Hume’s empiricism consist in to affirm that the moral foundation is not in the reason but in the senses. Molarity existence is considered by Hume as a matter of fact: everybody in the
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Humes states that we don’t gain this knowledge by examining what is happening using reason, our reason only let us see the objects being used in the situation but don 't let us examine what is exactly going on so we can’t state that something is right nor wrong . rather we acquired it when we use our senses and start thinking more deeply about this whole situation. I.e using our senses and sentiments allow us to think and feel the difference values being portrayed, and then here, we can conclude if something is right/wrong or good/ …show more content…
Kant states that it is the Categorical Imperative ( an unqualified moral obligation that applies to all rational beings ) what helps reason provide the standard. However, Kant’s moral theory is defined as deontological where actions are determined by rules of behavior. According to Kant, we experience reason as an obligation so we act in distinct ways or imperatives which can be found in two different ways: Categorical imperative and Hypothetical Imperative.

Hypothetical Imperative is defined as; the performance of an action for the sake of the desired end. I.e if you want to lose weight, you must eat healthily, or if you want to pass the class, you must turn in your work. In others words “DO A if you want X to be the final product.” In some circumstances, we are morally expected to Do An only if what we want at the end is actually

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