The Ethical Theory Of Ethical Theories Essays

1476 Words 6 Pages
Ethical theories are solutions to difficult situations that many people may encounter in their lifetime. Many philosophers have come up with ways of telling right from wrong and giving advice and guidelines on how to deal with certain situations. Philosophers think that by following ethical theories, you can live a happy, meaningful life. After learning about many different ethical theories, there are certain ones that I believe are the best (most convincing) theories, and the worst (least convincing) theories. An ethical theory that stuck out to me the most was Utilitarianism. This is a theory in normative ethics. Jeremy Bentham was the original founder and defined utility as the “aggregate pleasure after deducting suffering of all involved in any action” (IEP) and John Stuart Mill later expanded the concept of utility and included in the quality of pleasure, while focusing on rules. These two men identified the good with pleasure and were hedonists about value. This theory has many different definitions, but is closely related to the well being of human beings, meaning utility.
This ethical theory states that “an action is right if it the greatest good for the greatest number.” The greatest good in this particular theory is happiness. An act is considered right if it looks at the consequences and produces the greatest happiness for the greatest number. There are many strengths of Utilitarianism. The theory itself is very straightforward and draws out that the…

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